[%# # IMPORTANT NOTE # This documentation is generated automatically from source # templates. Any changes you make here may be lost. # # The 'docsrc' documentation source bundle is available for download # from and contains all # the source templates, XML files, scripts, etc., from which the # documentation for the Template Toolkit is built. -%] [% META book = 'Modules' page = 'Stash' %] [% WRAPPER toc; PROCESS tocitem title ="SYNOPSIS" subs = []; PROCESS tocitem title ="DESCRIPTION" subs = []; PROCESS tocitem title ="PUBLIC METHODS" subs = [ "new(\\%params)", "get(\$variable)", "set(\$variable, \$value, \$default)", "clone(\\%params)", "declone()" ]; PROCESS tocitem title ="AUTHOR" subs = []; PROCESS tocitem title ="VERSION" subs = []; PROCESS tocitem title ="COPYRIGHT" subs = []; PROCESS tocitem title ="SEE ALSO" subs = []; END %] [% WRAPPER section title="SYNOPSIS" -%]
    use Template::Stash;
    my $stash = Template::Stash->new(\%vars);
    # get variable values
    $value = $stash->get($variable);
    $value = $stash->get(\@compound);
    # set variable value
    $stash->set($variable, $value);
    $stash->set(\@compound, $value);
    # default variable value
    $stash->set($variable, $value, 1);
    $stash->set(\@compound, $value, 1);
    # set variable values en masse
    # methods for (de-)localising variables
    $stash = $stash->clone(\%new_vars);
    $stash = $stash->declone();
[%- END %] [% WRAPPER section title="DESCRIPTION" -%]

The Template::Stash module defines an object class which is used to store variable values for the runtime use of the template processor. Variable values are stored internally in a hash reference (which itself is blessed to create the object) and are accessible via the get() and set() methods.

Variables may reference hash arrays, lists, subroutines and objects as well as simple values. The stash automatically performs the right magic when dealing with variables, calling code or object methods, indexing into lists, hashes, etc.

The stash has clone() and declone() methods which are used by the template processor to make temporary copies of the stash for localising changes made to variables.

[%- END %] [% WRAPPER section title="PUBLIC METHODS" -%][% WRAPPER subsection title = "new(\\%params)" -%]

The new() constructor method creates and returns a reference to a new Template::Stash object.

    my $stash = Template::Stash->new();

A hash reference may be passed to provide variables and values which should be used to initialise the stash.

    my $stash = Template::Stash->new({ var1 => 'value1', 
				       var2 => 'value2' });
[%- END %] [% WRAPPER subsection title = "get(\$variable)" -%]

The get() method retrieves the variable named by the first parameter.

    $value = $stash->get('var1');

Dotted compound variables can be retrieved by specifying the variable elements by reference to a list. Each node in the variable occupies two entries in the list. The first gives the name of the variable element, the second is a reference to a list of arguments for that element, or 0 if none.

    [% tt_start_tag %] [% tt_end_tag %]
    $stash->get([ 'foo', 0, 'bar', [ 10 ], 'baz', [ 20 ]);
[%- END %] [% WRAPPER subsection title = "set(\$variable, \$value, \$default)" -%]

The set() method sets the variable name in the first parameter to the value specified in the second.

    $stash->set('var1', 'value1');

If the third parameter evaluates to a true value, the variable is set only if it did not have a true value before.

    $stash->set('var2', 'default_value', 1);

Dotted compound variables may be specified as per get() above.

    [% tt_start_tag %] = 30 [% tt_end_tag %]
    $stash->set([ 'foo', 0, 'bar', 0 ], 30);

The magical variable 'IMPORT' can be specified whose corresponding value should be a hash reference. The contents of the hash array are copied (i.e. imported) into the current namespace.

    # = baz, foo.wiz = waz
    $stash->set('foo', { 'bar' => 'baz', 'wiz' => 'waz' });
    # import 'foo' into main namespace: foo = baz, wiz = waz
    $stash->set('IMPORT', $stash->get('foo'));
[%- END %] [% WRAPPER subsection title = "clone(\\%params)" -%]

The clone() method creates and returns a new Template::Stash object which represents a localised copy of the parent stash. Variables can be freely updated in the cloned stash and when declone() is called, the original stash is returned with all its members intact and in the same state as they were before clone() was called.

For convenience, a hash of parameters may be passed into clone() which is used to update any simple variable (i.e. those that don't contain any namespace elements like 'foo' and 'bar' but not '') variables while cloning the stash. For adding and updating complex variables, the set() method should be used after calling clone(). This will correctly resolve and/or create any necessary namespace hashes.

A cloned stash maintains a reference to the stash that it was copied from in its '_PARENT' member.

[%- END %] [% WRAPPER subsection title = "declone()" -%]

The declone() method returns the '_PARENT' reference and can be used to restore the state of a stash as described above.

[%- END %] [%- END %] [% WRAPPER section title="AUTHOR" -%]

Andy Wardley <>

[% ttlink('', '') -%]

[%- END %] [% WRAPPER section title="VERSION" -%]

2.67, distributed as part of the Template Toolkit version 2.08, released on 30 July 2002.

[%- END %] [% WRAPPER section title="COPYRIGHT" -%]
  Copyright (C) 1996-2002 Andy Wardley.  All Rights Reserved.
  Copyright (C) 1998-2002 Canon Research Centre Europe Ltd.

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

[%- END %] [% WRAPPER section title="SEE ALSO" -%]

[% ttlink('Template', 'Template') -%], [% ttlink('Template::Context', 'Template::Context') -%]

[%- END %]